2016 Ferrari 488 GTB When You Drive
It’s a new Ferrari, and that might be all some people need to know. Only this is a big one, for the brand and for car geeks far and wide. The 2016 Ferrari 488 GTB When You Drive debuts early in Ferrari’s Brave New Turbo era, with very big shoes to fill.
We’ve known it was coming since Geneva this year: the demise of the 458 Italia’s naturally aspirated V8, often dubbed the best anywhere, and the 9,000-rpm howl that follows it everywhere. There’s plenty of good news, nonetheless. The 488 GTB is a tad lighter than the 458, with a lot more horsepower and much more torque. It surpasses the 458 by any performance measure, and it’s loaded with enough new technology to fill a gearhead book. That tech puts the 488 GTB’s extreme charms within reach of all who can afford it (and then worm their way into an appropriate spot on the dealer’s waiting list).
The 2016 Ferrari 488 GTB’s 3.9-liter twin-turbocharged engine
Ferrari has never been terribly fond of turbos, building fewer than a handful through its 66-year history. Before the California T, its previous turbo engines had appeared in the 288 GTO in 1984 and the F40 in 1987, when the high-performance renaissance was underway and turbos were the best way to make the power required of supercars.
The rationale behind Ferrari’s new turbo V8s is only slightly different, rooted in an increasing green consciousness among elite buyers and government mandates to reduce CO2 emissions. Forced induction remains the best — maybe the only — way to reduce displacement and continue the horsepower increases expected from a brand like Ferrari. While the engineers in Maranello frankly admit they’d probably prefer to pass on turbochargers, they also say the challenge has presented big opportunity.
The 488’s 3.9-liter V8 shares its upper cylinder block architecture with other members of Ferrari’s new F154 engine family, presently installed in the California T and the Maserati Quattroporte GTS. It’s cast at the same Maranello foundry as Ferrari’s Formula One engines, and, like the others, it employs a flat-plane crank. There the similarities essentially end.
Inside the Ferrari 488 GTB
Compared to the California T turbo, the 488’s gets different heads with thinner castings and more expansive cooling passages, different valve springs, different pistons, a different intake manifold with equal-length runners and different exhaust manifolds. It operates at generally higher temperatures than either the California T turbo or the 458 V8. The fuel gets hotter and cylinder pressures are higher, so pressure in the direct-injection system increases to 2,900 psi.
Then there are the two, twin-scroll IHI turbos — as high-tech as we’ve seen. The compressors are larger than those in the California T, and fabricated from a low-density titanium-aluminum alloy that reduces inertia and maximizes spool-up speed. The shafts spin sheathed in ball bearings, rather than fixed bushings like just about every other automotive turbocharger on earth. The 488 turbos also use something that Ferrari calls “abradable seals,” which look something like reeds that press around the shafts. These self adjust as they wear and maintain a tighter seal over the life of the engine. Boost pressure peaks at 35 psi, compared to 19 psi in the California T.
A rear 3/4 shot of the 2016 Ferrari 488 GTB on track
Then come the efficiency gains. EPA mileage ratings are pending, but in the combined EU cycle, the 488 GTB’s fuel consumption (11.4 liters/100 km) drops 14 percent compared to the 458 Italia. CO2 emissions drop 6 percent on average, with considerably more power on tap, and 15 percent in steady-throttle operation.
Those numbers represent the big payoff for Ferrari, more than the turbo V8’s power gains. Yet the challenges of the turbo remain. When you put your foot in it, it has to go, sound and feel like a Ferrari, and that means joy at crazy-high revs without a significant drop in thrust.
Corrado Iotti, chief engineer for the F154 engine family, notes that the 488’s horsepower peak is still 8,000 rpm — 1,000 lower than the 458’s, but far higher than most production V8’s are capable of revving. Yet to hedge its bets, Iotti’s team also applied Ferrari’s version of variable torque management in the 488 GTB. Its ECU adjusts boost and fuel flow to give the engine a different torque map and peak in each of the seven forward gears. The maximum torque available goes progressively higher with the gear, and the 560 lb-ft peak comes only in seventh. The point is to generate progressively stronger acceleration with speed, and to replicate the longitudinal acceleration curve of a normally aspirated engine.
2016 Ferrari 488 GTB on track
Iotti also notes that, when the driver presses the throttle pedal, it takes just 0.06 second longer for torque from the 488’s turbo engine to reach its rear wheels than it does with the 458’s naturally aspirated V8. Six hundredths. And there’s a lot more torque.
Yet beyond throttle response or acceleration curves, there’s the sound. Ferrari spent four years addressing the sound. Turbos work something like a silencer on a handgun, or an extra muffler, but Iotti said no one ever considered fake, electronically generated cockpit noise. The first key is not wasting the noise the turbo engine generates. Among other things, the 488s headers have longer-than-typical, equal length tubing, to maximize harmonics before the flow gets to the turbos and promote the higher pitch of a screaming, naturally aspirated Ferrari V8.
Beyond the engine, Ferrari’s F1 dual-clutch automatic benefits from further development. Upshifts come 30 percent quicker, and downshifts 40 percent, which means the 488 can drop four gears in the time it takes the 458 to drop three. The E-Diff torque-shifting differential has a faster processor and new control algorithms, reducing response time and improving lateral acceleration in the process.
Ferraris says 85 percent of the 488’s parts are new, compared to the 458 Italia. The carryover includes the roof and floor panels, though the engineers say they’ve squeezed a bit more volume into the 488’s cockpit. The aluminum space frame changes mostly at the front and rear — to accommodate the new engine and the extra airflow it demands.
The 488’s 104.3-inch wheelbase is identical to the 458’s. Its length and tracks increase slightly, yet its frame and shell are 65 pounds lighter. Even with 35 extra pounds for its turbo engine and intercoolers, the 488’s minimum curb weight drops 25 pounds. It bears slightly more weight on its rear wheels than the 458 (59 percent vs. 58 percent), thanks to the heavier engine.
The 2016 Ferrari 488 GTB in profile
Bottom line, the 488’s maximum roll angle decreases 12 percent compared to the 458, without stiffer springs, and peak lateral acceleration increases 6 percent on street-oriented Michelin Pilot Super Sports (20-inch 245/35 front and 305/30 rear). Its standard carbon-ceramic brakes are larger than the 458’s, but six pounds lighter. Stopping distances decrease 9 percent, according to Ferrari.
Ferrari’s recent preoccupation with aerodynamics continues in the 488, focused on the challenging task of generating legitimate downforce (as opposed to reducing lift) while also reducing drag—all while feeding the 488’s greater cooling demands. The specifics, including vortex generating channels in the underbody sheathing, could fill an engineering students master’s thesis. Highlights in front include an F1-inspired double splitter, separated by something Ferrari calls an Aero Pillar in the center. The pillar is designed to manage the mass of air striking the front of the car and distribute it effectively along both longitudinal and transverse planes.
In back, the 488 gets a Ferrari-patented “blow spoiler.” Its lip is lower than typical, and barely noticeable in profile, but its surface is more steeply curved. An open channel in the middle bleeds a swath of air through the center of the spoiler and down over rear bumper to break up the vortices that trail the car. The blow spoiler generates downforce in back without the extra drag of a taller spoiler. A larger rear diffuser speeds airflow from under the car. Its chip-controlled active veins adjust to either maximize downforce or reduce drag. As a result, the 488’s dual exhaust tips are positioned wider and higher in the bumper than the signature tri-tips on the 458 Italia.
View of the 2016 Ferrari 488 GTB rear from above
The 488 GTB is the second Ferrari styled by Centro Stile Ferrari, after LaFerrari. Both engineers and designers say that in-house design gets more critical as engineering and aero get more complicated, allowing closer, more constant collaboration that’s harder to manage with a traditional styling house. The challenge, they say, is resolving conflict between engineering demands and aesthetics.
The 488 looks a bit chubbier than the 458 through its midsection and around its new engine. The most obvious difference is big, scalloped air channels — homage to the 308 GTB — along its doors to the intakes on its hips. Those intakes are partitioned across the middle, with the top section directed to the turbocharger intake and the bottom feeding the intercoolers.
The 488 is just clean and generally unadorned. As it’s been through much of Ferrari’s history, and particularly of late, the aggression is organic in the shape, rather than a collection of racy details. There are standout details, nonetheless, including door releases that are also little winglets directing air toward the side intakes. The third brake light is a matrix of 12 individual LEDs in the middle of the rear diffuser, like the rain light on an open-wheel race car.
Inside, the 488 has the same floating dash as just about every mid-engine Ferrari V8 since the 308, with no stack or connection to the center console. There’s the familiar switch bridge on the console and Ferrari’s multi-function Manettino steering wheel, now with a keyless start button and longer carbon-fiber shift paddles. Updates include a faster infotainment processor and new graphics from the California T, an optional performance display for passengers hidden in the carbon-fiber trim strip above the glove box, and standard 1,280-watt JBL audio with 16 channels.
The 2016 Ferrari 488 GTB’s midengine
The world changes. For Ferrari it’s gotten more complicated, far beyond the legislative pressure behind the turbocharged engines. Enzo’s creation is about to become a publically traded company, as Fiat Chrysler Automotive milks what it can from its most successful brand with a pending IPO.
Meanwhile, under stewardship of the Volkswagen Audi Group, Lamborghini has grown much more competitive, and there’s another potential threat that did not exist when the 458 Italia was launched. Ferrari engineers confidently insist that the 488 GTB surpasses McLaren’s 650S in every measurable parameter. While that may or may not be true, the folks in Maranello would never have acknowledged McLaren as a potential production-car competitor five years ago.
Where it goes, no one knows. What we can tell you about the 488 after a teasingly short blast around Ferrari’s Fiorano test track, then an afternoon in the hills and valleys around Maranello, is important enough. There’s no reason to fear the turbo.
2016 Ferrari 488 GTB Manettino wheel
How’s it drive?
The 488 GTB lives up to just about everything you’d want or expect, but the analysis comes down to a central question: Can a turbocharged engine deliver on expectations formed by the greatest of naturally aspirated V8s?
Yes, ultimately, with a plus or minus here and there.
2016 Ferrari 488 GTB instrument panel
As hard as Ferrari tried, the 488 does not sound like a 458 Italia. The new berlinetta’s primary emotion inducers are lower frequency. Its engine noise is less metallic, less shreekeeekeee — closer to a bellow than a 458 is to a Banshee wail. That shouldn’t imply that the 488 sounds bad. It sounds fabulous.
The payback is substantial, of course, and it starts with the very obvious increase in torque. There’s nothing in the 488 that we’d call turbo lag. Indeed, its reaction to the gas pedal feels even more right-now than the 458. The new stallion kicks when you floor it, and you won’t long be missing whatever aural gratification it gives up to that shrieking sexpot of a 458.
How does one convey the sensation? It might not be worth the trouble, because the acceleration numbers probably say as much as type can. But when you get its wheels straight at an exit, or when you’re faced with a flat, empty stretch ahead, the 488 GTB delivers a rush once reserved for Indy cars or a Yamaha V-Max. It loads your head like a pop of amyl nitrite, slams the saliva toward the back of your throat and twists your gut for a second or two. It’s more intense down low, compared to a 458, but the crazy thing is that the 488 doesn’t run out. Thanks to appropriate ratio selection and Ferrari’s torque management strategy, it just goes and goes if you can find the room to keep it flat. The 488 requires six seconds to go from standstill in first to the rev limiter in fourth. It goes from 0-124 mph in 8.3 seconds, according to Ferrari, and covers the first full kilometer in 18.7.
2016 Ferrari 488 GTB console bridge, I11
Its throttle can be sensitive, and if there’s a drawback to all the torque and its near-immediate delivery, it may be that the 488 is harder to manage through any sustained sort of throttle steer than the 458. That matters only when the Manettino is dialed to CT Off, of course, and it may add a more brutish element to the 488’s repertoire. But it can be managed.
Watch development driver Raffaele De Simone as he guides you around Fiorano with the 488 locked in a tire-wasting, third-gear, 100-mph drift, casually explaining that Enzo’s personal track is very technical and demands a very conservative approach. A “polite style,” De Simone calls it, apparently oblivious to the implication of his slide. It won’t do much for a mere mortal’s ego, and it could dampen enthusiasm for the opportunity that awaits.
Just don’t pass it up, because the proper line will invariably be marked by lain-down rubber, and by the first full run down the pit straight, the 488 will have restored your confidence. Its steering is awesome — much better than the front-engine Ferraris, and maybe a bit firmer than the 458s, but no less sensitive. It brakes into bends and throttles out with near perfect balance front to rear, and its neutrality is upset only by the driver’s technique. Regardless of technique, it’s a blast.
At De Simone’s hand, the 488 is faster than the 458 Italia around Fiorano by two seconds, and equal to the late-cycle, track-oriented 458 Especiale, with street tires. The difference is Ferrari’s SSC2 and the electronic bits and algorithms that manage the 488’s power delivery and suspension. And it’s exactly those things that make the 488 GTB a fantastic car for anyone who enjoys driving. Ferrari engineers call it maximum accessibility. We might call it crafted speed, but all you really need is a lick of sense and a desire to try it.
2016 Ferrari 488 GTB interior
Maybe best of all, the charm doesn’t fade on public highways. The adaptive shocks allow a fairly supple ride for a car of this type, but the 488’s athleticism remains. There’s no crashing suspension in front, no lateral jerks in back, no groove tracking. And there’s another turbo payback, probably to the good. The 488 seems the quieter road car, compared to the 458. Its generally lower pitch seems less inclined to penetrate the cabin at more moderate engine speeds.
The turbo engine provides less flywheel effect than the 458’s larger V8. Press the gas hard and it rockets; lift, the boost drains and it dives. That can be good when it comes to saving the brakes, but bad when there are fairly frequent, substantial pulses in traffic. The trick for smooth travel on the road is moderate application of throttle, and staying out of the high-boost zone.
The 488’s cockpit seems a bit less edgy than the 458’s, maybe less avant-garde. Or maybe we’ve just gotten used to it. Its console switch bridge is definitely less bizarre. The thin-shell seats look light, minimalist, but they’re also appropriately padded — supportive and nearly slide-proof, yes, but quite comfortable. Getting in and out is hardly a chore, though tall folk may have a problem with the low roof.
2016 Ferrari 488 GTB controls
Is the 488 GTB better than a 458 Italia? It’s faster, and no less desirable. It’s full of extremes, and six seconds quicker around Fiorano than Ferrari’s last mid-engine turbo — the beastly F40. But the 488 doesn’t punish in any fashion, and it doesn’t hide its thrills in a dungeon few can breach. It’s a great car for learning track days, a wonder of technology, a piece of fine art and almost exactly what Ferrari promises. The Ferrari quirks it keeps are predominately good.